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Does Cannabis Boost Creativity?

New scientific studies suggest that getting high on marijuana can genuinely make you more creative.

 

For many years, numerous highly-acclaimed artists, scientists, writers, musicians, and creative people of all sorts have claimed that marijuana holds enormous potential to enhance creativity and inspire the imagination. 

Now, new scientific studies are beginning to confirm these claims, and researchers are starting to understand the psychological mechanisms behind how cannabis can improve the creative process.

There’s a common myth, perpetuated by the mainstream media, that people often mistakenly think that they’re brilliant and creative while under the influence of cannabis, only to find that their creations are worthless, or that their insights are meaningless nonsense, upon returning to normal everyday consciousness. 

Let’s dispel this pervasive myth about cannabis right now, by  taking the many anecdotal reports to heart, and looking at what the scientific studies have to say.

From Charles Baudelaire to George Carlin, Shakespeare to Carl Sagan, Louis Armstrong to Paul McCartney, Norman Mailer to Jack Nicholson, the list of accomplished creative people who have claimed a positive influence from their use of cannabis is truly impressive. 

I’ve personally spoken with many accomplished people who made claims about how essential cannabis was for their creative process. For example, when I interviewed the late comedian George Carlin, he told me:

“Pot...changed my thinking. It fostered offbeat thinking...Then it changed my comedy....I became more myself. The comedy became more personal, therefore more political, and therefore more successful...So, suddenly, I also became materially successful. People started buying albums. I had four Gold albums in a row.”

Brian Wilson of the Beach Boys said to Rolling Stone magazine that “marijuana helped” him “write Pet Sounds,” which was ranked by the magazine as the second greatest album of all time. 

Anecdotes about cannabis and creativity abound, but what does the scientific research say?

The Beckley Foundation — a nonprofit organization in England that supports pioneering, multidisciplinary research with cannabis and psychedelic drugs — is presently funding a two-part study on cannabis and creativity, that is being conducted by neuroscience researchers Valerie Curran and Celia Morgan at the University College London. 

Curran and Morgan are currently testing the effects of cannabis use on creativity in 400 subjects, and are then using neuroimaging technology to observe the neurobiological changes in the participants that are associated with creativity, while they are under the influence of cannabis.

Although this study is still in progress, according to Beckley Foundation founder Amanda Feilding, the results so far indicate that cannabis is having a positive influence on the subject’s creative performance.

This new research builds upon a previous study by Celia Morgan, and her colleagues at University College London, that looked at how cannabis intoxication enhanced the effects of “semantic priming,” in which the activation of one word allows people to react more quickly to related words. 

One way that creativity can be described is the ability to find novel connections between different concepts. In psychological terms, the ability to see connections between words is called “semantic priming.” This 2010 study found that subjects linked distantly-related words and concepts significantly quicker when they were high than when they weren’t. 

This “hyper-priming,” as the researchers called it, is evidence that the flow of loose associations that cannabis users report is indeed real, and not an illusion, as some skeptics have claimed.

Additionally, research by Xia Zhang and colleagues at Saskatchewan University has demonstrated that THC — the primary psychoactive component of the cannabis plant--can spur neurogenesis, or new brain cell formation. We now know that the brain is continually rewiring itself, and that it’s always possible to grow new brain cells and learn new skills, which may play a role in creative thinking.

Cannabis has the effect of slightly increasing alpha-wave activity in the brain, and increasing blood flow into the right hemisphere, which is associated with holistic, nonlinear thought. Alpha waves, and right-brain thinking, are generally associated with meditative and relaxed states of consciousness, which are, in turn, often associated with creativity.

Television talk show host Jason Silva summed up how the neurological effects of cannabis effect us psychologically by saying,“Essentially, marijuana can extend the range of our free-associative capacities. It increases the novel ways in which we find connections between ideas, and it also extends the range of ideas that we might somehow relate to one another.”

So the next time you spark up a doobie before watching the sunset, be sure to bring along a pen and notebook to write down any novel ideas or interesting thoughts that you may have. Those fleeting intoxicated insights just may lead to the next Nobel Prize-winning discovery or bestselling novel.

To learn more about cannabis and creativity, be sure to check out the upcoming Summer issue of High Times Medical Marijuana magazine, where fellow Patch writer Maria Grusauskas and I wrote a feature article together on the subject.

If you enjoy my column, and want to learn more about psychedelic and cannabis culture, “like” my Facebook page and follow me on Twitter.

Editor's Note: This column originally appeared on .

Schmish July 09, 2012 at 01:26 AM
I'm not surprised in the least that it boosts creativity. I think anything that puts in you a new state of mind can do that for you. However, I don't think it proves the substance has merit. Technically, being abused can spark a vein of creativity, but we of course would not recommend being abused to people. Of course, I also realize the purpose of the article was not to say, "Hey, pot is super awesome!" I guess I'm just pointing out that the article did not change my opinion of the substance. It's still something that is illegal, can impair your driving, and could potentially (not definitely, I realize) be a gateway for other, more dangerous, drugs. It's certainly not "dangerous" or highly addictive.....law enforcement has bigger fish to fry for sure. I just don't want to use it, nor do I want my loved ones to.
Jaimie Cura (Editor) July 09, 2012 at 01:57 AM
I hear you - we had an extensive conversation that stemmed from this article on the Woodbury-Middlebury Patch Facebook page: www.facebook.com/woodmiddpatch - I happened to find a fellow Brian Wilson fan!
Mach Thesis July 09, 2012 at 05:31 AM
Its great to actually have scientific confirmation. So not only is it safe but its good for you! And with new studies showing people are safer drivers while high it sounds like this is the perfect way to wind down after a long day at work. Why are we wasting our lives away with alcohol when we have this stuff. While Im a believer in personal responsibility and think really a person should be able to do what they wish with their own body I also see the side where people worry about it getting into the hands of children ( despite the fact that thc has been in baby soaps for what the last 40 years i think (yeah i found that shocking too but no harm seems to have been done. Worth some research I guess)) But as a father myself it seems like a much better idea to have full legalization so all that nasty stuff is kept in a locked counter at the local store where my 13 year old would be carded and turned away. That would chase away the local drug dealers because their clients are now buying from walmart instead of meeting them in a dark alley.
Muzzy Lu July 09, 2012 at 08:53 AM
Marijuana is a very healthy food if taken as an edible, not smoked. There is a great $2.99 e-book on medical marijuana: MARIJUANA - Guide to Buying, Growing, Harvesting, and Making Medical Marijuana Oil and Delicious Candies to Treat Pain and Ailments by Mary Bendis, Second Edition. This book has great recipes for easy marijuana oil, delicious Cannabis Chocolates, and tasty Dragon Teeth Mints. goo.gl/iYjPn  goo.gl/Jfs61
focusonpeace July 09, 2012 at 02:02 PM
Cannabis is the safest recreational drug and medicine on planet Earth. Safer than most pharmaceuticals and definitely safer than alcohol and tobacco, but on the same level as caffeine. Its been demonized for so many years by liars, hungry journalist and corrupt politicians its left the general public misinformed, ignoring the non biased science but paying attention to exaggerated headlines in the tabloids. The weird thing is, its not illegal because its harmful and it gets you high. If that was the case alcohol and tobacco would be class A drugs. Its illegal because of personal prejudices, greed, cowardice, political agenda, the power of the alcohol lobby and a fear of hemp production. Nothing to do with science, expert advice, public opinion, or our heath and safety.
Sean M July 09, 2012 at 02:05 PM
Marijuana is a drug that makes people high. It offers nothing of substantive value. The last thing we need is more dope heads in the world. We have enough problems with alcohol.
Josh Vargas July 09, 2012 at 06:43 PM
Look if ur gonna call us dope heads then at least understand where tht negative conotation came from. Dope derives from dopamine because a drug nicknamed dope with mess with your dopamine system . . . Which cannabis does does not do directly . . . Or at all . . . Dope is heroin or cocain or opiates but not weed . . . So learn your science before you listen to your judgemental, ignorant, lazy sources . . .whoever they may be.
Josh Vargas July 09, 2012 at 07:00 PM
Drugs modify the dopamine "reward system" cannabis (thc) attaches to our neurotransmitters . . . which do what? And yes that's a real question
Jade Harris July 10, 2012 at 10:18 AM
i know that i feel more creative after a spliff, and i personally think that people who dismiss ideas and have this constant negative way of thinking about us "dope heads" are a little bit closed minded and should just accept the fact that its not like we are trying to force them to have it, i dont judge people for eating doughnuts why should i be judged for doing what i want to do love this article and many of your others well done :)
Ken Ferguson July 10, 2012 at 11:43 AM
The greatest problems on this planet come from ignorance. Why is getting high so bad? Does it offend some part of your morality? Why should the idea offend you at all? Or, do you hate the fact responsible adults can do something you can't control? Research on Cannabis (not the racially motivated term Marijuana) proves it has a great deal of substantive value.
Sean M July 10, 2012 at 01:59 PM
In response to a bunch of these comments. People who get high off pot endanger everyone around them. You drive high and you put others at risk. That is where I draw the line. Successful and productive people do not use drugs. Society has a right to set basic moral standards.
Sean M July 10, 2012 at 02:00 PM
Josh, before you call someone ignorant, learn how to write in proper grammar. Anything that alters the mind and makes people high is a problem. There are rare circumstances where it is needed, thus the need for oxycodone,...
John Ellis July 10, 2012 at 02:59 PM
LOL exuse me sean but I have to point out the problem with alcohol is that it destroys your CB receptors which are involved in retrograde signaling, stem cell production, memory production and recall. This is called the EndoCannabinoid System (brain CNS and immune systems reproductive system (sperm is THC powered) energy regulation) it has a sister system called the endovaniloid system (cardiovascular) the both run of cannabinoids mainly THC(/v/a)/Anadamide and CBD(/v/a)/2AG
Sean M July 10, 2012 at 06:22 PM
Alcohol is already legal. Pot is not. Again, no reason to make more substances legal that screw with people's minds and chemistry.
Jasper Connelly July 11, 2012 at 04:49 AM
Sean, You're an idiot. Stop trying to start a flame fest on here. Do you need a list of successful people that smoke weed? Do some research. Educate yourself. Open your mind, but maybe that's a tough concept for your type.
Jaimie Cura (Editor) July 11, 2012 at 04:55 AM
Hopping on to thank everyone for their comments. While the conversation has certainly been an interesting one so far, I'd like to kindly remind our valued readers to please refrain from personal attacks. Thanks, folks! Jaimie Cura Woodbury-Middlebury Patch Editor
Elisabet Nordin July 11, 2012 at 02:13 PM
To say that it's always possible to grow new brain cells is misleading. Yes, neurogenesis has been found in the hippocampus and olfactory bulb but if you suffer a damage to other parts of your brain you shouldn't count on it. Marijuana has several active substances, of which some are harmful and others potentially protective. For instance, THC has been associated with hippocampal volume loss (in rats) while cannabidiol may counteract this effect. So it's quite complicated and anyone claiming that "pot is good for the brain" is clearly oversimplifying.
Sean M July 11, 2012 at 10:38 PM
Jasper, grow up. How about discussing like us adults do? The name calling is childish. I do not need a lecture on opening my mind. Pot makes people high and does not offer anything of value. The "value" comes from chemicals in pot. This is why your side does not get anywhere. Your argument is just name calling with generalities.
mDan July 14, 2012 at 02:47 AM
According to Harvard Provost (and former APA head), Steven Hyman, the idea of "reward system" for dopamine is outdated. Dopamine is involved with salience--importance--like when a rat encodes a memory about under the kitchen table because he finds food there. Thus, any drug (including sugar) that directly or indirectly effects dopamine has the potential to be habit forming. THC attaches to endocannabinoids which aren't fully understood, and there are tons of neurotransmitters of all kinds all over the body. The same substance can do different things in different places, but the holistic understanding of lipophilic (fat-loving) compounds like THC is that they permeate all tissues and have effects more like that of a hormone. i.e. melatonin which helps you prepare for sleep. The idea that the evolution of life on this planet provides for common neurotransmission pathways and the interaction of species, plant and animal, is a given on this planet means that a reductionist view based on neurotransmitters cuts out a great deal of the important information.
mDan July 14, 2012 at 02:51 AM
sean: "People who [drink alcohol] endanger everyone around them. You drive [drunk] and you put others at risk. That is where I draw the line." Agreed. Driving while intoxicated is foolish. Moral standards demand that alcohol and other potentially reaction-time decreasing drugs be regulated. Unfortunately, cannabis is not properly regulated. Because it is illegal, it is driven by the black market which successful and productive people have little control over. If it were legal and regulated, these risks could be averted.
mDan July 14, 2012 at 02:55 AM
Other studies open doubts about hippocampal volume loss in the long term in humans: http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10550490590899862 That's not to say volume loss is necessarily damaging. One alternate theory would be that the volume loss is indicative of the consolidation of memories, where controlled apoptosis may be part of the destruction of unnecessary pathways.

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